eTolbo: November 2011

Memorial Ritual to Chinggis Khan – Alive and Well in America
A tribute to Gombojab Hangin, Tsorj Lama and Lobsang Khiyod

Written by Sanj Altan


The Mongol-American Cultural Association (MACA), founded by Gombojab Hangin, Tsorj Lama and Lobsang Khiyod, held its first Chinggis Khan memorial ceremony in 1987. The three original founders have since passed away but the annual memorial has continued through their students. MACA’s 24th annual memorial was held on September 17, 2011 in Princeton, NJ.

The ceremony is an adapted version of the Ezen Khoroo commemoration in Southern (Övur) Mongolia honoring the memory of the Great Khan Chinggis. The American ceremony begins with a shamanist invocation to the spirit of Chinggis Khan followed by the Nine Yamutan (Paladins) conducting a ritual consisting of 17 steps with offerings and the recitation of ritual texts (Ezen Sang, Sarqud, Ocig, Tugel and Dalalga). The texts were created by Gombojab Hangin based on the Ezen Khoroo recitations.

After a 40-year separation from his homeland, Gombojab visited Southern Mongolia in 1986 and witnessed the Ezen Khoroo rituals, now under communist control. That experience inspired him to make a Chinggis Khan commemoration part of the American cultural landscape. Gombojab believed having a group of Mongols and Americans honor the memory of the Great Khan Chinggis in an open political environment was a way to preserve this important tradition free of foreign influence.

The Nine Paladins (ritual officiants) of the 24th annual celebration were for the first time comprised of Mongols from the six major regions of Northern and Southern Mongolia, Hazara Afghanistan, Tuva, Buryatia and Kalmykia. This gathering of individuals from the different areas of significant Mongolian populations fulfills Gombojab’s dream of a pan-Mongol ritual. His spirit must surely be bursting with pride in this symbolic unity of Mongols manifesting their cultural traditions and historical connections to Chinggis Khan.

Gombojab’s adaptation of the ritual texts was more than a simple cut-and-paste. In a desire to return to the original shamanist roots, he removed all Buddhist references. He also modified and added language acknowledging a diverse Mongol community consisting of people from all the Mongolia’s, anticipating that one day a celebration such as this would come to pass. Equally important, Gombojab was mindful of the forces of assimilation confronting a Mongol-American community living in the greatest melting pot of modern times. He conceived the ceremony as a force of preservation. In his adaptation of the ritual texts, Gombojab expressed in the purest cultural terms his love for his adopted country, as well as his abiding love for his Mongol roots and homeland.

In honoring the memory of Chinggis Khan, MACA pays homage to the three founders of this American commemoration. Together they led the first ceremony and shared it with us to continue a tradition that arose from their hearts and souls. They could not have made a greater contribution to their community or to their adopted country.

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2011 Humanitarian of the Year


Temtselt Shobtsood has been active in Southern Mongolian cultural and human rights issues since he was a young student at Southern Mongolia University. He was one of a handful of student leaders who led the 1981 movement to protect Mongolian cultural and ethnic identity. More recently, he has coordinated activities to preserve Southern Mongolian rights and has consistently sought to bring about positive change in Southern Mongolia. Temtselt has been a tireless advocate of human and civil rights and Mongolian cultural and political independence. Through his humanitarian and educational work and his publications, it gives us great pleasure to present the 2011 Humanitarian Award to Temtselt Shobtsood.

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24th Annual Chinggis Khan Ceremony Keynote Speech


The keynote speech for the 24th Annual Chinggis Khan Ceremony was given by Dawood A. Changezi, a Hazara leader for the human rights of the Hazara Mongols worldwide. His vision will play a vital role in preserving and promoting pan-Mongol culture and history globally. He is a founder and board member of the Mongol Heritage Foundation and an organization for the progress and equality of Hazara people. He also served as president of Hazara Unity USA from 2001 to 2004.

Keynote Speech Transcript

President of  MACA Mr. Sanj Altans, Board of Directors, members, distinguished guests and Great Mongols, I am truly honored to stand before you to deliver the keynote address for the 24th annual Changez Khan Memorial Ceremony.

Before I start my formal speech I would like to quote our great president “ Ibrahim Lincoln “ he said if you can not say what you want to say in 20 Minutes, you should go away write a book about it.

So, I will try my best to conclude my speech briefly.

As you know my name is Dawood Ali Changezi, I am Hazara Mongol from Pakistan and Afghanistan region.  I believe that I am 100% Mongol and I am proud to be named Changezi who was king of kings, khagan of Mongol empire and greatest of all time conqueror Chingges  Khan.

I really admire MACA for their efforts for celebrating memorial ceremony of Changez Khan for last 24 years. It is not easy task to arrange such a great event every year. We know how difficult it is to cut out time from our daily lives and devote ourselves for such a great purpose.

I really appreciate the time and hard work they place for our great king and nation for last 24 years. Trust me it require a lot of commitment, courage and sincerity. All of us here want to work and do some thing about our great culture and history, but we have many other commitments and responsibilities. Only some of us make it possible to extract time for our daily life and serve our society. Those who are working for you always need your help and your support. It is always good to appreciate them and help them as much as we can.

I would like to thank our great country United State of America for giving us the opportunity and environment to express ourselves and present our great culture freely. I have been in different countries where these kinds of freedom were rarely seen by their own citizens.

Today, we were given opportunity on this platform through MACA (Mongol American Cultural Association) to meet Mongols of the world and especially it is an unforgettable moment for me to meet;  Kalmyks, Buryat, Tuvan and Hazara Mongols under one umbrella.

Many of us under this roof might not have heard about Hazara Mongols. I want those to know that Hazara Mongols are 13 million in population. 9 million Afghan Hazaras , 2-3 Million Iran Hazaras, 1.2 Million Pakistani Hazaras, 500 thousand Hazaras are living in Europe, Australia, USA and Canada. Genetic and historic studies have proven and is widely accepted that Hazaras are Mongolian ancestry. Some Hazara tribes are named after famous Mongol generals, for example the Tulai Khan Hazara who are named after Tolui, the youngest son of Genghis Khan. Hazaragi words, culture and history is an obvious proof and many authentic books written by famous American and European writers have been written on this topic.

I can declare myself Mongolian without any fear in USA, but it is not possible in countries like Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, and China. We were genocide for hundreds of years and are still being in the worst situation in Pakistan and Afghanistan about which many of our friends know in sitting in this Hall. The most common reason they punish is, “why do not we look like them, why our look is Mongolian”.  Still they don’t like us being Mongol and they don’t want us to call ourselves Mongolian. They are trying their best to destroy our identity, history and culture. They are always being ignorant and paranoid.

For example

In March 2001 a very recent history of our innocent Hazara Mongol,

The ruthless and brutal Taliban destroyed the 2 enormous statues of Bamyan Buddhas.

The Buddhas of Bamiyan were two 6th century monumental statues of standing Buddhas carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan.

The Buddhas of Bamyan measuring 55 and 37 meters (180 and 121 feet) high respectively. Before being blown up in 2001 they were the largest examples of standing Buddha carvings in the world.

They did not destroyed Buddha statues because of religion or any other reason, but only because they

 were Hazara Mongol history and they wants to wipe out every piece of history belongs to Mongol identity. Trust me if they would not related with Mongol and Mongol history, they would never have distroyed it.

In essence it should be understood that our friends are more fewer than our enemies.

I hope our efforts will bring us together again and hope our children won’t feel fear to call themselves Changezi. It is my wish to see real Mongol of Changez Khan in my life about which I have been reading in books from childhood rather to see a desperate descendant of the greatest conqueror.

I thank you all for bearing me and giving me chance to deliver our views and hope to come together again.


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UMON TV Coverage of the 24th Annual Chinggis Khan Ceremony

Many thanks to Ms. Uranchimeg Bayarkhuu of UMON TV for preparing this report on the ceremony! Click on the image below to view the video.


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Photos of the Chinggis Khan Ceremony by

Many thanks to Mr. Terbish Usukhbaatar of for preparing this photo gallery of the 24th Annual Chinggis Khan Ceremony. Click on image below to see the pictures.


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MACA Musical Guest - Anda Union

MACA was grateful to have the talented young Southern Mongols of Anda Union perform at the 24th Annual Chinggis Khan Ceremony. Their music delighted the attendees of the ceremony, who gave the group a standing ovation at the end of their performance.

The following is a clip of Biligbaatar of Anda Union singing an old folk song "Huan Li" during their set at the ceremony.

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MACA Musical Guest - Tsagaan Zam

MACA would also like to thank the renowned Tsagaan Zam, a Kalmyk musician, singer, and 'Janggarch' (a bard of the famous Mongolian epic 'Janggar') for performing at a special "Meet and Greet" event on September 24th, 2011 for those who had attended the Chinggis Khan Ceremony a week earlier. The audience was once again delighted, with some members even inspired enough to dance while he sang.

The following clip is of Tsagaan Zam performing a Kalmyk song on the dombor.

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A brief Introduction to the Hazara Mongols

Written by Munkhbayar Chuluundorj

For thousands of years today’s Afghanistan has lain south of the borders of the Mongols’ grazing lands. During the time of the Hunnu, Chinggis Khan, Hulegu Khan, Temur Khan and Bars (Babur) Khan, the ancestors of the Mongols as well as Mongols, Persianized Mongols and Turkicized Mongols entered these lands in large numbers. Consequently, they intermingled with their neighbors and were absorbed. Thus the Hazara Mongol people arose.

The Hazara bore a great responsibility during the formation and rise of the Great Mongol (Mogol) empire. However, following the collapse of the empire, they were subjected to attacks from rebellious enemies on all sides.

At the end of the 19th century, the Hazara were defeated and the Hazara Jat nation came to an end. Then the brutal Khan Abdurrakhman with his followers declared the Hazaras inhuman devils and launched a holy war Jihad against them, misleading the people into believing that killing a Hazara was a good deed, and thus one of the worst massacres in human history took place. Sixty percent of the Hazaras were exterminated, killed by the millions.

One can see from history a broad range of horrific genocide mounted against my Mongol people starting with the Manchu empire against the Zuungars, the red hatted Chinese against the Khorchins, Abdurakhman and his henchmen against the Hazaras and the Stalinists against the Kalmyks.

The slaughter of the Hazaras was due to their Mongol blood which led to their discrimination, and it has persisted to this very day. It represents the beginnings of an apartheid policy. Following the Abdurrakhman genocide, the Hazara became completely marginalized and turned into powerless slaves.

During the 1950s, although the Hazara rose in opposition against their circumstances, it was brutally suppressed, their capitol city Panjab was razed to the ground, the Hazara Jat state was destroyed, divided into parts and combined with other ethnic areas.

During the 1990s, under the guidance of the outstanding leader Baba Mazar, the Hazaras rose again to struggle. In a repeat of history, Baba Mazar’s plane was shot down, and the killing of the Hazaras started again.

The Talibs in Kabul by the thousands, in 1997 in Mazari-Sharif 15,000; in 1998 in the same city 8,000; in that same year at Bamiyan, in the year 2000 in Robataki, in the year 2001 in Yakaudang large numbers of Hazara were killed. In 2001, although the Talib system was brought down, their oppression continued. One example of this was the armed attacks against the Hazara by the Pashtun kuchi tribes.

Considering other recent examples in 2011:
-On May 6, 7 Hazara were killed from rocket fire, some were infants, and 5 people were injured;
-On June 16, Pakistan’s acting minister of Sports Organizations shot and killed a Hazara man;
-On July 10, a police department worker shot and killed two Hazara men;
-On July 19, Hazara national rights activists made known that over the previous two months, 25 Hazaras were killed due to ethnic discrimination;
-On September 20, a bus carrying Hazaras was blown up, killing 26 people;
-From 1999 on, in Pakistan’s Kvet city alone, whether it was suicide attacks, time bomb attacks, shootings, abduction of children and in many other ways, more than 40 such incidents have been reported, and during the recent past they have become even more frequent. Since 1999, 2100 Hazaras have been injured from the above attacks, and 500 have died.

The Hazaras have sacrificed their lives this way because of their Mongol blood. Given their Mongol blood and appearance, I ask, who by all rights should be expressing the greatest concern for their protection.

The ethnic groups of Afghanistan for the most part reside in areas beyond the borders. Of forty two million Pashtuns 12, of 29 million Uzbeks 3, of 22 million Tajiks 8, of 9 million Baluchi 0.6 million live in Afghanistan. Their relatives from across the borders are in close contact with them and provide constant support of all kinds to them. But do the 10 million Mongols outside the region provide this kind of support to the the Hazara Mongols. It’s a fact for example that in the newspapers that I order and read, not even a bulletin about their killings appears.

The Hazara are a Mongol people, but in Afghanistan, it has been discouraged and even risky to discuss anything about Mongol topics. If one does, they’re told to “Is Mongolness going to save you” and chased down, oppressed and killed. They are not able to say that they are Mongols as long as the other ethnic groups are permitted to attack them in this way.

Hazaras who live in other countries however refer to themselves as Hazara Mongols, and take the name Chinggis or Changezi, and consider our country as Great Mongolia, their country of historical origin and long to visit us. They warmly refer to us as people of a single motherland or Kawma (Qawma), and openly express their true thoughts and feelings.

The facial features of the Hazara are Mongolian however through the centuries the influence of intermingling is apparent also. We can see the connection in their ethnic names through the Persian words ‘Hazara’ or ‘myanga’, and words like ‘khyazgar’, ‘gazar’, ‘azarga’ and so on. The vocabulary of the Hazara language is 20% Mongol. Ten percent is Turkic and 70% is Persian. Although the basis of their language is Persian, their genetic foundations are not. Because their religion and language is close, they have frequently fled to Iran, however there they were subjected to racism and discrimination. They had no fraternal relationship with the Iranians and suffered and endured much in the three countries of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran.
Among the Hazara, there are tribes that have Mongol names such as Borjigin, Besud, Barlas, Jalair, Jadran, Naiman, Hasar, Tului Khan, Neguder, Chahar, Hulbars, Harbaatar, Ikh Chono, Aimag, and Bold. In their mannerisms and their traditions their similarity to us is not small. They celebrate the ‘three manly sports’, they wrestle with their upper torso exposed, race with horses and camels, and compete for accuracy with shooting and firearms.

Chinggis Khan was said to have wintered once near Kabul, in the mountains of the Hindu Kush in the Hazar area.

The Mongolian journalists M. Buyanbadrakh, B. Sainjargal, Ts. Sanchirmaa and N. Bolormaa visited the Hazara areas and sent back interesting reports to their people. More than 20 Hazara students are studying under the auspices of the TBB at our country’s colleges.

Despite the considerable dangers of discussing Mongol topics in Afghanistan, a woman named Azra Jafari, the mayor of Nili, the capital city of the province of Daykundi, has proposed a sister city relationship with Ulaanbaatar (I am pleased to have this opportunity to make known that this sister city initiative to develop the relationship between the Hazaras and the Mongols was due largely to the efforts of one of our motherland’s young men, M. Byambakhuu). The World Mongol Heritage Society and The World Mongol Conference as Mongol organizations have recruited Hazara people. Just recently in the city of Princeton, NJ Hazaras officially participated in the Mongol people’s 24th annual Chinggis Khan ceremony.

It is anticipated that soon the Hazara-Mongol mutual aid organization the TBB will be established.

We are ready to provide support both morally and materially; whether to naturalize or repatriate, as refugees or political asylees, obtain work permits, adoption of orphaned children, confirmation of Mongolian background to secure proper papers for the citizenship process; confirmation of the ethnic cleansing and genocide of the Hazara people, and to publicize to the world community. We have the complete capability to render support to our Hazara sisters and brothers in view of the vast natural riches we possess.

We shouldn’t understand this to mean that our Hazara brothers are merely seeking support from us. We need to work towards mutual cooperation and mutual support. In this regard, we must cooperate in establishing organizations on both sides to promote the exchange of HAA (Hudee Aj Ahui --- Agriculture), commerce, business, culture and sports exchanges and sister city relations. It will be necessary to involve Mongol people’s organizations in our activities.

The Mongolian government has received from our Hazara compatriots the following clear proposals: preparation of meat according to Islamic standards at the Bagakhangai Meat Plant; development of planting and agriculture; experienced mining and construction managers, who will work with efficiency; establish a Persian carpet factory; preparation of materials from barley fields for beer production; and open a Hazara restaurant.

The Mongol peoples in total number not 10 million but 23 million. When the American representative of the Hazaras, Dawud Ali Changezi, participated in the Chinggis Khan ceremony, he stated that we Hazara-Mongols number 13 million.

Let’s support our Hazara-Mongols!

Rallying Call

One outcome of our many thousands of years’ history is the Hazara Mongols. They have been separated from their historical motherland and because of their mongol blood and physical features, have been discriminated against, oppressed, killed and suffered greatly.

At the end of the 19th century they were killed by the millions by foreign oppressors carrying out a horrific genocide. In the 1950s they rose up in revolt and their national state was destroyed, their capital city Panjab was razed to the ground. In the 1990s until 2001 they were killed by the thousands at the hands of the Taliban.

Although after 2001 peace and harmony was established in Afghanistan, the Hazaras continued to be the victims of violence and killed. Particularly those Hazaras who fled to Pakistan in recent times seeking refuge, there has been a surge in those killed, in a strategy to shock the entire world.

Science has confirmed the Mongol origins of the Hazaras as a people who are our close kin. Certainly they seek our solace and protection, as for example the letter they sent to our government on December 6, 2001, which until now has remained confidential. If we Mongols do not offer support to our brothers and sisters, who will.
Mongols all, to you I say, we have the potential to provide aid to our Hazara brethren. Rather than accepting as refugees North Koreans, let’s accept our Hazaras as refugees. Rather than provide land to South Korea, let’s give land to our Hazara brethren. Rather than bringing in Chinese labor, let’s bring in Hazara Mongol labor. Rather than giving foreigners opportunities for businesses and mining, let’s give opportunities to our Hazara Mongol brethren.

In order to show tangible aid to those who have for so long been denied our solace and support:
1. We must oppose through all legal means the killing of the Hazara Mongols!
2. We must support the proposal from the city of Nili to establish sister city relations with Ulaanbaatar!
3. We must show moral and material support to our Haraza sisters and brothers!
4. We must develop collaborative organizations from both sides including HAA, commerce, business, culture and education, and sports!
5. We must include the Hazara Mongols in the activities of Mongol organizations!
6. We must welcome Hazara Mongol refugees, laborers and orphans as immigrants or repatriated persons through naturalization!
7. We must secure and defend the path to citizenship for the Hazara Mongols!
8. We must officially acknowledge the ethnic cleansing and genocide of the Hazaras, and seek the acknowledgement of the world’s trustworthy nations, organizations, and other activists!
9. In order to achieve the previous objectives, I call upon the government and people of Mongolia to develop a wide ranging, multi-pronged clear strategy!

May virtuous deeds flourish!
May the Mongol peoples achieve glory!
The World Mongol Heritage Foundation;
Green Movement; Green Peace;
National Pride Groups (World Mongol,
World Blue Mongol, Mongolian National Web,
Mongol Peoples Conference, Mongol Jade,
United Mongol, Sulder, Steppe wolf,
Perfection, National Unity, Pan-Mongol,
Blue Mongol, White Jade); Loyal Citizens’ Front
October 1, 2011

P.S. please direct any questions to Ch. Munkhbayar, the Editor-in-Chief of "Alag Khorvoo", a founding member of the World Mongols Poeter Association, author of 108 Wonder of Mongolia book, and creator of the Mongolian Repatriation law. His work consisting with Mongolian nations and national identity of Mongols origin, ethnicity and cultural which ties with today’s Mongols around the world. He can be reached by email at latinuseg @, his Facebook profile , or his blog

Хазар монголчуудын тухай товч танилцуулга

Мянга мянган жилийн тэртээгээс монголчуудын нүүдэллэн амьдрах нутгийн өмнөд хязгаар нь өнөөгийн Афганистан байжээ. Хүннү, Чингис хаан, Хүлэгү хаан, Төмөр хаан, Барс (Бабур) хааны үед өвөг монголчууд, монголчууд, пэрсэжсэн монголчууд, түрэгжсэн монголчууд энд олноор ирж байв. Тэдний хувьд, хөрш ард түмнүүдтэй холилдох, уусах явдал ч мэдээж байлаа. Ийнхүү хазар гэх монгол туургатан ард түмэн үүсчээ.

Их Монголчуудын (Могул) гүрнийг байгуулах, мандуулан бадруулахад хазаруудын гүйцэтгэсэн үүрэг их. Харин тэрхүү гүрэн мөхсөний дараа өсөрхөн дайсагнасан ард түмнүүдийн хүрээлэл дунд орж, тал бүрээсээ халдлагад өртөх болов.
XIX зууны эцсээр л хазарууд тэдэнд дийлдэн, эрхэнд нь орж, Хазара Жат улс нь мөхсөн юм. Тэгэхэд Абдуррахман гэдэг харгис хаан хазарууд бол хүн биш, буг чөтгөр хэмээн хамсаатнуудтайгаа нийлэн тунхаглаж, тэдний эсрэг шашны ариун дайн жихадаа зарлаж, хазар хүнийг алах нь буян болно гэж мунхруулан, хүн төрөлхтний түүхэнд тохиолдсон хамгийн том хядлагуудыг нэгийг үйлдсэн юм. Хазаруудын 60 хувийг устгаж, сая саяар нь алж хөнөөжээ.

Манж Чин гүрний үйлдсэн Зүүнгарын, хятадын улаан малгайтнуудын үйлдсэн Хорчины, Абдуррахман нарын үйлдсэн Хазарын, сталинистуудын үйлдсэн Халимагийн гээд олон аймшигтай, өргөн хүрээтэй гэноцид Монгол туургатны минь түүхэнд тохиожээ.

Хазаруудыг тийнхүү хядсан нь монгол цусаар нь ялгаварлан гадуурхах, одоо хүртэл үргэлжилж байгаа апартэид бодлогын эхлэл байлаа. Абдуррахманы гэноцидийн дараа хазарууд ямар ч эрхгүй боолууд, шаарлагдсан хүмүүс болж хувирсан.

1950-иад онд хазарууд энэ байдлыг эсэргүүцэн боссон ч, нухчигдан дарагдаж, нийслэл Панжабыг нь газрын хөрстэй тэгшлэн устгаж, үндэсний Хазара Жат мужийг нь татан буулгаж, хэсэглэн хувааж, өөр үндэстний мужуудад нэгтгэжээ.
1990-ээд онд гарамгай удирдагч Баба Мазарийнхаа жолоодлогон дор мөн л хазарууд босч тэмцсэн. Түүх давтагдаж, Баба Мазарыг нисдэг тэрэгнээс шидэн хороож, хазаруудыг алж хядаж эхэлжээ.

Талибууд Кабулд мянга мянгаар нь, 1997 онд Мазари-Шариф-д 15 мянга, 1998 онд тус хотод найман мянга, мөн тэр онд Бамиянд, 2000 онд Робатакид, 2001 онд Якауданг-д олноор нь хазар хүмүүсийг хүйс тэмтрэн устгаж байв. 2001 онд талибийн дэглэм түлхэн унагагдсан ч харгислал үргэлжилсээр. Паштуны күчи ястныхан хазарууд руу зэвсэглэн довтолсон нь нэг жишээ.

Сүүлийн үеийн жишээнүүд гэвэл 2011 оны:
-5-р сарын 6-нд пуужингийн харвалтад өртөж долоон хазар хүн, түүний дотор нялх хүүхэд амиа алдаж, таван хүн шархадлаа;
-6-р сарын 16-нд Пакистаны спортын байгууллагын орлогч дарга хазар хүнийг буудан аллаа;
-7-р сарын 10-нд цагдаагийн албан хаагч хоёр хазар хүнийг буудан аллаа;
-7-р сарын 19-нд сүүлийн хоёр сард 25 хазар хүн үндэсний ялгаварлан гадуурхлаас болж алагдав гэж хазарын үндэсний эрхийн төлөө тэмцэгчид мэдэгдлээ;
-9-р сарын 20-нд хазар хүмүүс сууж явсан автобусыг дэлбэлж, 26 хүнийг алж хороолоо…
-1999 оноос хойш зөвхөн Пакистаны Квэттад амиа золиослогчийн зүүсэн юм уу, цагийн мэханизмтэй бөмбөг дэлбэлэх, буудах, хүүхэд хулгайлах зэрэг олон аргаар 40 гаруй удаа хазарууд руу дайрч, ялангуяа сүүлийн үед нэн идэвхижсэн бөгөөд, 1999 оноос хойш 2100 хазар хүн дээрх халдлагуудаас болж хохирч, 500 хазар хүн амиа алджээ...

Хазар хүмүүс монгол цустайнхаа л төлөө энэ мэтээр амь насаа алдан, алаг хорвоог орхисоор байна. Монгол цустай, зүстэй тэднийг хэн хамгийн их өмгөөлөх, хамгаалах ёстой вэ.

Афганистанд байгаа үндэстэн бүрийн олонхи нь хилийн чанадад байдаг. 42 сая паштуны 12, 29 сая үзбэкийн гурав, 22 сая тажикийн найм, есөн сая балочийн 0.6 сая нь Афганистанд амьдардаг. Хилийн чанадын ах дүүс нь Афганистан дахь элэг нэгтнүүддээ байнга, бүх талын, өргөн хэмжээний тусламж үзүүлж байдаг байна. Тэгвэл Афганистаны хазар монголчуудад бусад 10 сая монголчууд тэгж тусалдаг билүү. Лав л миний захиалж уншдаг сонинуудад тэднийг алж хядсан тухай мэдээ ч гардаггүй жишээ байж байна.

Хазар бол монгол элэгтэй зон мөн. Афганистанд харин Монголын талаар хэлж ярих нь ч аюултай, хориотой байдаг тал бий. Тэгэх л юм бол “Монгол руугаа тонил!” гэж хөөж тууна, өсөрхөнө, алж хядна. Хазарууд өөрсдийгөө монгол цустай гэж болдоггүй, бусад үндэстэн тэгж хэлж дайрч давшилж болдог.

Афганистанаас өөр оронд байгаа хазарууд бол өөрсдийгөө хазар монгол гэж нэрлэж, Чингис буюу Чангэзи гэх овог авч, манай улсыг Аугаа Монгол буюу Great Mongolia гэж хэлж, түүхэн эх орноо гэж үзэж, очихсон гэж мөрөөдөж, биднийг нэг нутгийнхан буюу кавма (qawma) гэж дотночилж, үнэн сэтгэл санаагаа илэрхийлж байдаг аа.

Хазаруудын зүс царай монголжуу, гэхдээ бүх хилийн чанадын монголчуудын адил уусч холилдсон шинж бас байлгүй яахав. Пэрсийн “хэзара” буюу “мянга” гэх үгээр угсаатны зүйн нэршилтэй болсон гэгддэг ч, хязгаар, газар, азарга зэрэг монгол үгтэй холбож үзэх нь ч байдаг. Хазар хэлний үгсийн сангийн 20 хувийг монгол, 10 хувийг түрэгжсэн монголчуудаар дамжин орж ирсэн түрэг, 70 хувийг пэрсэжсэн монголчуудаар дамжин орж ирсэн пэрс үгс эзэлдэг. Хэл нь пэрс суурьтай ч, яс үндсийн суурь нь пэрс бус. Хэл шашны ойролцоо байдлаас болж хазарууд Иранд их дүрвэж очсон байдаг, гэхдээ тэнд расист ялгаварлан гадуурхалтад өртөж байдаг. Иранчуудтай ахан дүүгийн харьцаатай байдаг бус, Афганистан, Пакистан, Иран гэх энэ гурван улсад хазарууд зовж зүдэрсээр байна.

Хазаруудын дунд Боржигон, Бэсүд, Барлас, Жалайр, Жадран, Найман, Хасар, Тулуй хаан, Нэгүдэр, Чахар, Хулбарс, Харбаатар, Их Чоно, Аймаг, Болд гээд монгол нэртэй овог аймгууд байдаг. Зан заншил, ёс уламжлалын хувьд манайхтай төстэй зүйлс багагүй бий. Эрийн гурван наадам хийж, цээж нүцгэн барилдан, морь тэмээгээр уралддаг, буудаж харваж цэц мэргээ сорино.

Чингис хаан Кабул хотын ойролцоо, Гиндүкүшийн нурууны бэлд өвөлжсөн гэдэг нь Хазар нутагт юм.

Монголын сэтгүүлч М.Буянбадрах, Б.Сайнжаргал, Ц.Санчирмаа, Н.Болормаа нар хазаруудын нутгаар аялж, сонирхолтой мэдээллүүдийг ард түмэндээ хүргэж байсан. 20 гаруй хазар оюутнууд Монгол дахь ТББ-уудын хандиваар манай улсын их сургуулиудад сурч байна. Хэдийбээр Афганистанд Монголын талаар хэлж ярих нь аюултай ч, хазар хүн амтай Дайкүнди мужийн нийслэл Нили хотын захирагч Азра Жафари гэдэг эмэгтэй Улаанбаатар хоттой ахан дүү хот болох санал дэвшүүлсэн (Ташрамд хэлэхэд, Хазар-Монголын хотууд ахан дүү болох санаачилгыг анх, Хазар-Монголын харилцааг хөгжүүлэхэд их үүрэг гүйцэтгэсэн, М.Бямбахүү гэдэг эх орон нэгтэн залуу маань гаргасныг тэмдэглэхэд таатай байна). Дэлхийн монголчуудын өв соёлын нийгэмлиг, Дэлхийн монголчуудын чуулган зэрэг монгол туургатны байгууллагад хазар зон элслээ. Вашингтон хотод саяхан болсон, монгол туургатны 24 дэх удаагийн Чингисийн тахилгад хазарууд албан ёсоор оролцлоо.

Удахгүй хазар-монголын харилцан туслалцах ТББ байгуулагдах гэж байна.

Хазар ахан дүүстээ бид сэтгэл санаа, эд матэриалын тусламж үзүүлэх; уугуулшигч буюу репатриант, дүрвэгч, цагаач, ажиллах хүч, өнчин хүүхэд хүлээж авах, элэгшүүлэх буюу Монгол улсын иргэний бичиг баримтыг олгох; Хазарын хүйтөрөлгүйтгэл буюу гэноцидийг хүлээн зөвшөөрөх, дэлхий нийтээр хүлээн зөвшөөрүүлэх зэргээр тусалж болох байна. Асар их байгалийн баялагтай бидэнд хазар ахан дүүстээ туслах бүрэн бололцоо бий.

Хазар ахан дүүс маань зөвхөн тусламж авах хүмүүс гэж ойлгож болохгүй. Харилцан туслалцах хамтын ажиллагааг бид хөгжүүлэх ёстой. Үүнд, хоёр талын байгууллагууд байгуулах, ХАА, худалдаа, бизнэс, соёл-спортын солилцоо, ах дүү хот зэрэг чиглэлээр хамтран ажиллах хэрэгтэй байна. Монгол туургатны байгууллага, үйл ажиллагаанд хамруулах шаардлагатай.

Хазар нөхөд маань Багахангайн махкомбинатад исламын стандартаар мах бэлтгэх; цэцэрлэг, тариаланг хөгжүүлэх; уул уурхай, барилгад мэргэжилтэн, мэргэшсэн ажиллах хүчнээр зүтгэх; пэрс хивсний үйлдвэр байгуулах; арвай тарьж шар айрагны түүхий эд бэлтгэх; хазар рэсторан байгуулах гээд тодорхой санал дэвшүүлж Монгол улсад ирдэг.

Монгол туургатан 10 сая биш, 23 сая боллоо. Амэрикийн хазаруудын төлөөлөгч Давуд Али Чангэзи Чингисийн тахилгад оролцохдоо хазарууд бид монголчууд бөгөөд хазар монголчууд 13 саяулаа юм гэсэн билээ.

Хазар монголчуудаа дэмжицгээе!


Мянга мянган жилийн түүхийн маань нэгэн бүтээл бол хазар монголчууд билээ. Түүхэн эх орноосоо алсран тусгаарлагдсан тэд монгол цустай, зүстэйгээсээ болж ялгаварлан гадуурхагдаж, хөөгдөж туугдаж, алуулж хядуулж, зовж зүдэрч ирлээ.
XIX зууны эцсээр тэд харийн түрэмгийлэгчдэд сая саяараа алуулж, хөөгдсөн аймшигт гэноцидийг туулжээ. ХХ зууны 50-иад онд босч тэмцээд, үндэсний мужаа устгуулж, нийслэл Панжаб хотоо газартай тэгшлүүлжээ. ХХ зууны 90-ээд оноос 2001 он хүртэл талибуудад мянга мянгаараа алуулж хядуулжээ.

2001 оноос хойш Афганистанд энх амгалан, эв найрамдал тогтсон гэсэн ч хазарууд алуулж, ад шоо үзэгдсээр байна. Ялангуяа, сүүлийн үед Пакистанд аврал эрэн дүрвэж очсон хазаруудыг сүүлийн үед алж хороох явдал нэн идэвхжиж, дэлхий нийтийг цочирдуулах бодллоо.

Хазар бол монгол үндэс язгууртай гэдэг нь шинжлэх ухаанаар нотлогдсон зон олон бидний тасарсан мах, үсэрсэн цус. Биднээс өмгөөлөл хамгааллыг хүсч ч ирсэн бөгөөд, нэгэн жишээ нь дэлхийн хазаруудын байгууллагаас 2001.12.6-нд манай засгийн газарт илгээсэн, өдий хүртэл нуун дарагдуулагдсан захилдал юм. Энэ төрсөн ахан дүүсээ монголчууд бид өмгөөлөхгүй хэн өмгөөлөх билээ.
Монголчууд аа, бидэнд хазар ахан дүүсээ дэмжих боломж бий. Хойд Солонгосын дүрвэгч авахын оронд, хазар монгол дүрвэгч авъя! Өмнөд Солонгост газар өгөхийн оронд хазар монголчууддаа газар өгье! Хятадын ажиллах хүчийг авчрахын оронд хазар монгол ажиллах хүчийг авчиръя! Харийнханд бизнэс, уул уурхайн боломжуудыг найр тавихын оронд хазар монгол ахан дүүстээ найр тавья!

Бидний өмгөөлөл хамгааллыг үгүйлэн хүлээсээр ирсэн тэдэнд бодот дэмжлэг үзүүлэхийн тулд:
1. Хазар монгочлуудыг алж хядахыг хууль ёсны бүхий арга хэрэгслийг ашиглан эсэргүүцэцгээе!
2. Монгол улсын нийслэл Улаанбаатар хоттой ахан дүү болох санал дэвшүүлсэн Нили хотынхны сэтгэл зүтгэлийг дэмжицгээе!
3. Хазар ахан дүүстээ сэтгэл санаа, эд матэриалын тусламж үзүүлцгээе!
4. Хоёр талын байгууллагууд, ХАА, худалдаа, бизнэс, соёл боловсрол, спорт зэрэг чиглэлээр бүх талын хамтын ажиллагааг өрнүүлцгээе!
5. Монгол туургатны байгууллага, үйл ажиллагаанд хазар монголчуудыг хамруулцгаая!
6. Хазар түмнээс уугуулшигч буюу рэпатриант, дүрвэгч, цагаач, ажиллах хүч, өнчин хүүхэд хүлээж авцгаая!
7. Хазарчуудыг Монгол улсын иргэний баримт бичиг олгон хамгаалцгаая!
8. Хазарын төрөлгүйтгэлийг буюу гэноцидийг албан ёсоор хүлээн зөвшөөрч, дэлхийн шударга улсууд, байгууллагууд, зүтгэлтнүүдээр хүлээн зөвшөөрүүлцгээе!
9. Дээрхи зорилтуудыг биелүүлэхийн тулд өргөн хүрээтэй, олон төсөлтэй тодорхой бодлого, хөтөлбөр боловсруулж хэрэгжүүлцгээе! гэж Монголын төр түмэндээ уриалж байна!

Сайн үйлс дэлгэрэх болтугай!
Монгол туургатан мандан бадартугай!

Дэлхийн монголчуудын өв сангийн нийгэмлэг; Ногоон хөдөлгөөн; Ногоон эвсэл;
Үндэсний үзэлтний бүлхэмүүд (“Даяар Монгол”, “Даяар Хөх Монгол”, “Монгол Үндэстний сүлжээ”, “Монгол туургатны хуралдай”, “Монгол хас”,
“Нэгдсэн Монгол”, “Сүлдэр”, “Талын цөөвөр чоно”, “Тунамал төгс”, ”Үндэстэн” нэгдэл, “Хамаг Монгол”, “Хөх Монгол”, “Цагаан хас”); Шударга иргэдийн фронт.


P.S. Асууж тодруулах зүйл байвал 9914-6533, 9899-2997, latinuseg @,, хаягуудаар Ч.Мөнхбаярт хандана уу.